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IAEA-ANSTO Cultural Heritage Workshop

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  Joint IAEA–ANSTO Workshop on Nuclear and Isotopic Techniques for Cultural Heritage

Virtual Event

hosted by the

Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), Lucas Heights, NSW, Australia

6–9 December 2021   (Ref. No.: EVT2104301)




New! Download the Workshop Programme: ​

IAEA_ANSTO_WS_Programme.xlsx

Any programme update will be reflected in this file. Please kindly check it regularly. Thank you. 


For additional info please also visit: ANSTO event website.

Introduction

In February 2021 ANSTO became an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Collaborating Centre to support IAEA activities using nuclear techniques for development and sustainable environment protection (see IAEA and ANSTO websites for more details). Building on two previous Collaborating Centres, the current Agreement is focused on a broad work plan that includes tackling provenance and the authentication of products of illicit trade; the use of isotopes to study water and climate change;  the use of nuclear techniques to understand the impact of environmental and atmospheric pollutants and the use of nuclear and isotopic techniques to investigate art, archaeology and cultural heritage materials. As part of this new collaborating centre, we have planned to organize a series of activities to introduce the latest research works and results as well as innovative technological developments.

We are proud to announce the first meeting: the Joint IAEA–ANSTO Workshop on Nuclear and Isotopic Techniques for Cultural Heritage which will be organized together with the IAEA and hosted as an on-line meeting by ANSTO from 6 to 9 December 2021.

Background

Over the last decades, neutron, photon, and ion beams have been established as an innovative and attractive investigative approach for the study and conservation of cultural heritage. ANSTO offers a wide range of unique nuclear-beam techniques to look at the structure and dynamics of materials from the atomic to the macroscopic scale providing complementary information. These powerful and versatile tools are superb probes to be used in tandem with traditional methods to extract maximum information from an object requiring either minimal or no sampling or invasive procedures.

Collaboration between institutions, countries, and experts across a variety of disciplines are critical ingredients to reading the deep past. The big breakthroughs which change our thinking and knowledge are expected to come at the intersection of the major disciplines. Increasingly apparent to scientists, science policy makers and governmental agencies is that an understanding of mankind's past and its impact on the environment is central to tackling the problems of global warming, biodiversity, landscape management and sustainability.

Objectives

The overall objective of this Workshop is to provide a forum for physicists, material scientists, chemists, archaeologists, conservators, curators, and heritage science stakeholders in order to exchange ideas and information on the application of nuclear and isotopic techniques for cultural heritage, conservation science and archaeology.

The main objective of the event is to contribute to the enhancement of scientific-technological knowledge, innovation infrastructure and human resources training in the area of cultural heritage using nuclear and isotopic techniques. The event also aims to provide a platform to further enhance the nexus between Arts and Science by promoting linkages between the collaborating centre activities and regional collaborators through a synergistic use of various nuclear techniques for the characterisation and preservation of our heritage.

Expected Outputs

Through scientific presentations and brainstorming discussions, this Workshop is aimed to deliver the following expected outputs:

  • To introduce the latest scientific analytical tools which are offered across ANSTO facilities - including neutron, synchrotron, and accelerator-based techniques – to Australian and international partners and scholars from museums, research centres and universities.
  • To promote the use of nuclear and isotopic techniques in the research fields of Cultural Heritage, Conservation Science and Archaeology. This will be tailored to novice potential users of ANSTO research facilities.
  • To train and update Higher Degree Research (HDR) students on nuclear and isotopic techniques. Students attending will have access to current research and researchers and will have the opportunity to discuss their research.
  • To provide a platform to further explore the nexus between Arts and Science.
  • To initiate and foster international collaborations and develop strategies for multi-national research projects.
  • To identify joint interests in major projects underway in the institutions of the participants, the major stakeholders in the research outcomes.
  • To identify the key research organisations, museums, curators, funding agencies and other actors of importance to the field to explore linkages and pursue regional collaborations along the regional priorities with a special attention to the Asia-Pacific region.
  • To discuss gaps and needs; and propose activities for the IAEA-ANSTO Collaborating Centre, that will facilitate further development and use of nuclear and isotopic techniques in the field of Cultural Heritage, Conservation Science and Archaeology research.

Target Audience

The event is intended for young and experienced scientists, archaeologists, conservators, curators and heritage science stakeholders actively involved in the field of characterisation, provenance and authentication of cultural heritage objects and materials with nuclear and complementary analytical techniques.

Working Language

The official language of the meeting is English (no interpretation will be provided).

​Topics

The event will comprise on-line sessions. The on-line sessions will consist in presentations by ANSTO experts in sessions devoted to specific topics, and presentations by the participants on their research. The on-line sessions will consist of technical presentations on basic theory followed by demonstrations using nuclear techniques available at ANSTO through selected case studies. The presentations will be tailored for novice to intermediate users from the research fields of Cultural Heritage, Conservation Science and Archaeology.

The topics will include:

  • Neutron and synchrotron X-ray imaging for structural tri-dimensional characterization;  
  • Full-pattern Neutron Diffraction technique for structure and phase determination, Neutron Diffraction Residual Stress and Texture Analysis for the characterization of the preferred orientation and lattice deformations of the crystalline structure to clarify the manufacturing processes;
  • Neutron activation analysis for provenance study;
  • Ion Beam Analysis (IBA) for elemental analysis;
  • Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) as an ultra-sensitive method for isotopic dating;
  • THz/Far-IR spectroscopy for the characterization of pigments and other cultural heritage materials;
  • X-ray Fluorescence microscopy maps for elemental distribution and for a range of spectroscopic applications such as determining oxidation state and speciation;
  • Scanning electron microscope (SEM), focused ion beam (FIB), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM);
  • Overview of the most utilised portable equipment for the investigation of cultural heritage; 
  • Introduction to the IAEA e-learning platform and courses on Heritage Science; 
  • Mechanism to access research infrastructure and how to write a successful proposal.
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Internationally recognised researchers who work professionally with nuclear and isotopic techniques will provide overviews on how to integrate results of the analytical techniques into wider scope of Cultural Heritage research.

AICCM Conservation Science special interest group satellite session – The AICCM (https://aiccm.org.au/) is the professional organisation for conservators in Australia. Their members are conservators in museums and galleries across the country. The purpose of this session is to engage with members of this community who have an interest in ANSTO facilities but are not available for the full meeting. The presentation will cover the techniques and capabilities of ANSTO, how to access ANSTO or further advice and introduce the IAEA CRC to assist with future networking.

As part of the workshop, the participants will be involved in a roundtable discussion to provide recommendations that will help to explore key topics that are relevant to Member States, especially developing countries, that are considering establishing or developing their collaboration in the field of Cultural Heritage, Conservation Science and Archaeology.

A final session of the meeting will be dedicated to summarizing and reviewing activities and recommendations.

International Programme Advisory Committee (IPAC)

The IPAC will advise the meeting co-chairs on establishing links with institutions and stakeholders dealing with Cultural Heritage, Conservation Science and Archaeology.


Mr Loïc Bertrand, Université Paris-Saclay, ENS Paris-Saclay, France

Ms Elisabeth Carter, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Mr Douglas Galante, The Brazilian Synchrotron Light Laboratory (LNLS), The Brazilian Center for Research in Energy and Materials (CNPEM), Campinas (SP), Brazil

Mr Francesco Grazzi, Istituto di Fisica Nello Carrara, Centro Nazionale delle Ricerche, Sesto fiorentino, Italy

Ms Irka Hajdas, Laboratory of Ion Beam Physics, ETH, Zürich, Switzerland


WORKSHOP CO-CHAIRS

Ms Aliz Simon

Aliz.Simon @iaea.org

International Atomic Energy Agency

Division of Physical and Chemical Sciences

Vienna International Centre, P.O. Box 100, A1400 Vienna, Austria

Tel.: +43 1 2600-21706

 

Dr. Floriana Salvemini

filomena.salvemini@ansto.gov.au

Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation

New Illawarra Rd, Lucas Heights NSW 2234, Australia

Tel.:+61 2 9717 7591

 

Dr. Rachel White

Rachel.white@ansto.gov.au

Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation

New Illawarra Rd, Lucas Heights NSW 2234, Australia

Tel.:+61 2 9717 9833

 

Dr. Geraldine Jacobsen

geraldine.jacobsen@ansto.gov.au  

Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation

New Illawarra Rd, Lucas Heights NSW 2234, Australia

Tel.:+61 2 9717 9060

 

IAEA Contacts

Scientific Secretary:

Ms Aliz Simon

Division of Physical and Chemical Sciences

Department of Nuclear Sciences and Applications

International Atomic Energy Agency

Vienna International Centre

PO Box 100, 1400 VIENNA, AUSTRIA

 Tel.: +43 1 2600 21706

Email: Aliz.Simon@iaea.org

 

Administrative Secretary:

Ms Ragdaa Attia

Division of Physical and Chemical Sciences

Department of Nuclear Sciences and Applications

International Atomic Energy Agency

Vienna International Centre

PO Box 100

1400 VIENNA,  AUSTRIA

 Tel.: +43 1 2600 28227

Email: R.Attia@iaea.org